Togans, J., Holtgraves, T.,  Kwon, G., & Morales-Zelaya, T.  (2021).  Digitally saving face: An experimental investigation of cross-cultural differences in the use of emoticons and emoji.  Journal of Pragmatics.

Holtgraves, T. (2021). Understanding miscommunication: Speech act recognition in digital contexts. Cognitive Science, 45, Article e13023.

Holtgraves T, Robinson C (2020) Emoji can facilitate recognition of conveyed indirect meaning. PLoS ONE 15(4): e0232361.

Holtgraves, T., & Jenkins, E. (2020). Texting and the Language of Everyday Deception. Discourse Processes, 1–16. doi: 10.1080/0163853x.2019.1711347

Licea-Haquet, G., Velásquez-Upegui, E., Holtgraves, T., & Giordano, M. (2019). Speech act recognition in Spanish speakers. Journal of Pragmatics141, 44–56. doi: 10.1016/j.pragma.2018.12.013

Holtgraves, T., & Kraus, B. (2018). Processing scalar implicatures in conversational contexts: An ERP study. Journal of Neurolinguistics46, 93–108. doi: 10.1016/j.jneuroling.2017.12.008

Holtgraves, T., & Perdew, A. (2016). Politeness and the communication of uncertainty. Cognition154, 1–10. doi: 10.1016/j.cognition.2016.05.005

Holtgraves, T. (2015). I Think I Am Doing Great but I Feel Pretty Bad About It. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin41(5), 677–686. doi: 10.1177/0146167215574269

Holtgraves, T. (2014). Interpreting uncertainty terms. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 107(2), 219-228.

Holtgraves, T. (2011). Text messaging, personality, and the social context. Journal of Research in Personality45(1), 92–99. doi: 10.1016/j.jrp.2010.11.015

Other publications are available at:



Britton, K., Kelly, T., Bray, K., & Holtgraves, T. (2021, April). Pardon my (Mis)interpretation: Exploring Types and Reactions in Miscommunication. 2021 Midwestern Psychological Association Annual Convention, Chicago, IL.

Bray, K., Britton, K., & Holtgraves, T. (2021, April). Ideological Differences in the Interpretation of Utterances with Indirect Meanings. 2021 Midwestern Psychological Association Annual Convention, Chicago, IL.

Robinson, C, Carpenter, S., & Holtgraves, T., Hovermale, Ankney, L., & Holtgraves, T. (2020) An Enhanced P200 Response to Inconsistent Face Emoji – an ERP Study.  Association for Psychological Science Convention.

Mullen, A., Robinson, C., Hovermale, Ankney, L., & Holtgraves, T. (2019). The role of emoji in language processing. 2019 Midwestern Psychological Association Annual Convention, Chicago, IL.

Morales-Zelaya, T., Togans, J. J., Kwon, G., Holtgraves, T. (2019).  Digitally saving face: Cross-cultural Differences in the Use of Emoticon and Emoji. 2019 Midwestern Psychological Association Annual Convention, Chicago, IL.